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Content on this page was auto-translated from the German Wikipedia - please help to correct the English if you can.

=Homeschooling in Germany= Status: Illegal

Since 1938, homeschooling has been illegal in Germany (with rare exceptions). Children cannot be exempted from formal school attendance on religious grounds. The requirement for children from an age of about 6 years through the age of 16 to attend school has been upheld, on challenge from parents, by the Federal Constitutional Court of Germany. Penalties against parents who allow their children to break the mandatory attendance laws may include fines (around €5,000), actions to revoke the parents' custody of their children, and jail time.


=Unschooling in Germany= Status: Illegal

Unschooling is banned in Germany because of the force in all provinces to attend school. In all English-speaking and many other countries in the Western Hemisphere, such as Switzerland and Austria is at least home schooling ( “homeschooling”) is permissible.

=Alternative Schools in Germany=

An alternative school is a school that has, in contrast to mainstream school, an alternative educational approach and wants to organize learning differently than usual.

EDIT1 SECTION "Germany" [1-1301]

Waldorf Schools in Germany

EDIT2 SECTION "Waldorf Schools in Germany" [1302-1531]

Free Schools in Germany

In German-speaking area is meant in the strict sense of the liberal alternative schools, have joined the majority of which (in BFAS - Federation of Free Alternative Schools D). Free School initially means only private school (= not state) ownership, but it resonates with the special meaning of self-determined learning and self-organization. So many rules for children, adolescents and adults are equally decided. The laboratory school and college to college in Bielefeld are similar to the alternative schools but in many ways, but are not dazugezählt as State ups mostly.

  • <div class="li"> Glockseeschule in Hanover

Free Active School in Karlsruhe

Free Comenius School in Darmstadt

Available with Marburg Nursery

School of Adult Education in Berlin

Democratic school caper in Freiburg

Free School Frankfurt, Frankfurt / Sachsenhausen

</div> EDIT3 SECTION "Free Schools in Germany" [1532-2415]

Federal Association of Free Alternative Schools

The Association of Liberal alternative schools, in short BFAS organized the free alternative schools in Germany. They differ conceptually from about Waldorf and Montessori schools, which are organized into their own groups. The BFAS is a member of the Association of German Private Schools (VDP).

The individual free alternative schools operate according to individual conceptions on the basis of a common educational policy identity. Cornerstones of the democratic development of coexistence of all parties, the degree of self-determination of children in the learning process and the flexibility of organizational structures. Formulated are the common conceptual basis of the member schools in the eight-point “Declaration of Wuppertal” in 1986.

</div> EDIT4 SECTION "Federal Association of Free Alternative Schools" [2416-3312]

Democratic Schools in Germany (based on Summerhill)

Democratic schools are schools that operate according to the following principles:

  • <div class="li"> There is no conscious mandatory curriculum for all students

As many aspects of the school together are governed democratically, where each person has a voice

Each student can move freely in school as long as it does not restrict the freedom of others or for violation of the Community adopted rules.

Democratic schools allow their students thus a self-paced learning. All Democratic schools are based on a fundamental respect for children.

The beginnings of Summerhill are in the “New German School” in the garden Hellerau near Dresden. The “New German School” united many currents of the German reform pedagogy. Neill was due to the favorable exchange rate between the pound and the English marks in a position to be one of the main sponsors of this school and divided it an “international school”. This financial independence also allowed him to implement his own ideas, without any pressure from other reform-teachers on him. The school was divided into several departments, Neill headed the foreign group.

More info:

</div> EDIT5 SECTION "Democratic Schools in Germany (based on Summerhill)" [3313-4542]

Montessori Schools in Germany

The first German Montessori School was founded at Pentecost in 1923 in Jena in the former School of Wenigenjena. It existed until 1929 and was then given by the Nazi government of Thuringia banned and closed. This usually produced by the parents Montessori materials was handed over the Jena Friedrich-Schiller-University.

More info:

EDIT6 SECTION "Montessori Schools in Germany" [4543-4956]

Active Schools in Germany

Active Schools are a special form of alternative schools in Germany, based their pedagogical approach is an alternative to wild-pedagogical guidance and experience, in particular by Maria Montessori, Hartmut von Hentig, Paolo Freire and Rebeca / Mauricio. Ask the child and his own Weltbegreifen at the center of the educational endeavor, and their approach is not the central-directive approach.

The term was coined by Rebeca Wild in her book 'Education for being'.

As a rule they are approved as a private school with a special educational approach of the state.

EDIT7 SECTION "Active Schools in Germany" [4957-]

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Page last modified on July 02, 2014, at 01:48 PM